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A Sonogram (also known as Ultrasound Exam) is a procedure that uses high-frequency sound waves to scan a woman’s abdomen and pelvic cavity, creating a picture (sonogram) of the baby and placenta. Although the terms ultrasound and sonogram are technically different, they are used interchangeably and reference the same exam.

What Types of Ultrasound Are There?

There are basically seven different ultrasound exams, but the principal process is the same.

Transvaginal Scans

Standard Ultrasound

Advanced Ultrasound

Doppler Ultrasound

3D Ultrasound

4D or Dynamic 3D Ultrasound

Fetal Echocardiography

How is an Ultrasound Performed

The traditional ultrasound procedure involves placing gel on your abdomen to work as a conductor for the sound waves. We use a transducer to produce sound waves into the uterus. The sound waves bounce off bones and tissue returning back to the transducer to generate black and white images of the fetus.

What Does the Ultrasound Look For?

Ultrasounds are diagnostic procedures that detect or aid in the detection of abnormalities and conditions related to pregnancy. Ultrasounds are usually combined with other tests, such as triple tests, amniocentesis, or chorionic villus sampling, to validate diagnosis.

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